Shaolin Long Fist (Chang Chuan)

 

 
History of Shaolin Long Fist: 
 

The core of Northern Long Fist was developed in the 10th century by Zhao Kuang Yin, the founding emperor of the Song Dynasty, who owed much of his empire building to Shaolin Kung Fu. This original style was called Taiju Chang Chuan which means the Long Fist style. During the early part of the 20th century when the Shaolin Temple was still active, two great martial organisations arose, encompassing many of the great styles, which developed from the Shaolin and other systems. One was the Chin Woo Association (1909), and the other was the Nanking Kou Su Institute (1926) (the term 'Kuo Su' means 'national martial technique'). The Nanking Kuo Su Institute drew from the knowledge of a large number of respected Masters, including Chin Woo members, overcoming Martial Arts politics and age-old prejudices to discuss and explore the best techniques from among the many divisions. From this synthesis arose the style commonly known as Northern Long Fist.

Master Han Ching -Tan ( 1903 - 1976) studied Long Fist as a first generation pupil of the Nanking Kuo Shu Institute. He, in turn, taught Master Li Mao-Ching, who also studied Northern Praying Mantis, Chinese Wrestling and Sun Bin Chuan. Master Li passed on his knowledge to a number of pupils including Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming, who still visited and hosted Master Li on a regular basis.

 

Great Grandmaster Han Ching -Tan ( 1903 - 1976) performing Long Fist Spear

 

 Grandmaster Li Mao-Ching Long Fist Sword (Kun Wu Jian)

 

Characteristics of the Long Fist System

In Chinese Martial Arts there is a saying, 'Northern leg, Southern fist' which refers to the belief that, historically, the martial artists of the North specialised in kicking due to their longer and stronger legs, whereas the people of the South, being smaller and stockier, specialised in the use of hand techniques. Long Fist, being a Northern style, emphasises the use of the legs. The style contains a wide variety of

stationary, moving , spinning and jumping kicks. Not all of these are for practical use, but practice of the full range develops tremendous strength, flexibility and agility. Long range punches are employed, but the hands are used primarily for blocking and

parrying. In YMAA training, techniques of Shaolin Chin Na and the White Crane style are trained for close-range fighting.

 
 Stances in Long Fist are wide and low, allowing for a long range of movement and great stability and strength. Strategically, offense and defense are considered equally important. In some Long Fist styles 'the best defence is a strong offence', and in this case the practitioner launches a pre-emptive attack so aggressive that the opponent doesn't have the opportunity to attack. The Long Fist fighter likes to keep the opponent at middle-to-long range distance to facilitate the use of kicks, and since kicks are of such importance, speed is crucial since it takes longer to execute a kick from long range.

Many weapons are trained in the Long Fist system including Staff, Sword, Sabre, and Spear and others.

 

 

 Long Fist kicking techniques by Mr. Aiden Lottering senior student and instructor YMAA SA

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